GPAS Workshop 2018 was successfully held on 17-18, April in Beijing, China, which was hosted by APSN and China Waterborne Transport Research Institute. About 100 distinguished speakers and participants from Australia, Canada, China, Hong Kong China, Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Viet Nam and Belgium gathered in Beijing and exchanged the ideas of the development of green port.
GPAS workshop allowed industry experts to conduct in-depth discussions on green port development policies, technologies and best practices. The workshop was considered as quite informative from both conceptual and technical application perspectives, and that the knowledge and experience shared by speakers was very valuable and worth learning. Participants highly commended that APSN could provide such a green port exchange platform for all.
1. APSN Secretary-General Mr. Fei Weijun delivered the opening remarks. Mr. Fei said that the Green Port Award System (GPAS) is a green port certification and incentive system proposed by APSN in light of the development status of Asian-Pacific ports. The system provides comprehensive and well-designed guidance for green port development in the Asia-Pacific region, leading and encouraging sustainable development of ports. Fei expressed gratitude to all parties for their support to APSN and GPAS and welcomed port companies from various Asia-Pacific economies to join APSN and apply for GPAS programs. He also welcomed all to the APSN 10th Anniversary Celebration and Port Connectivity Forum in November 2018 in Singapore, which is co-hosted by APSN and the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA).
2. Mr. Shan Hongjun, Deputy Director General, Department of International Cooperation, Ministry of Transport of China, delivered a welcome speech at the forum. Mr. Shan highly praised APSN’s efforts and achievements in promoting green sustainable development of Asian-Pacific ports, and welcomed port and shipping market players in the Asia-Pacific region to actively join the GPAS. Meanwhile, he also briefed China’s “Belt and Road” Initiative, saying that China’s Ministry of Transport will launch extensive exchanges and cooperation with economies along the Maritime Silk Road to jointly promote port connectivity. Shan also adduced a Buddhist saying of “A light banishes all the darkness” as his best wishes for the success of the forum.
3. Dr. Yin Qian, Australian counselor to China, delivered a speech and introduced Australia's national port development strategies and Reef 2050 Plan. She said Australia’s ports would jointly promote green ports with ports in other Asian-Pacific economies.
4. Deputy Director Li Xuelian of the Water Transport Bureau under Ministry of Transport of China delivered a keynote speech titled Development Policy of Green Water Transport in China. Ms. Li introduced that advancing green development and building a beautiful China are requirements for China’s development in a new era. The Ministry of Transport recently announced the Action Plan for In-depth Promotion of Green Port Development (2018-2022) (draft for discussion). The action plan incorporates green development throughout port planning, construction and operation processes, and aims to build a resource-saving, environment-friendly green development system for ports to offer strong support for green and high-quality development of waterborne transport. In terms of green water transport campaigns, the action plan focuses on berthed ships’ use of shore power, LNG fuel application and green port development.
5. Mr. Lu Cheng, Deputy Director of the APSN Secretariat, introduced the GPAS evaluation system and how to apply for GPAS. He thoroughly explained the index system and shared some cases to guide port companies to write application documents for GPAS programs. Lu said that GPAS aims to promote and encourage a green and sustainable path for Asian-Pacific ports and establish an international exchange platform offering best practices of green ports. During the meeting, representatives of several Asian-Pacific port companies exchanged ideas with Mr. Lu, expressing their hope to apply for GPAS programs for the year.
Session 1 Green Port Certification
6. GPAS Expert Evaluation
Professor Michael Dooms from the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, an expert of the GPAS expert pool, introduced the GPAS evaluation process. Taking the evaluation of Asian-Pacific Green Ports in 2016 and 2017 for example, he proposed operation suggestions on green port applicants, and put forward strategic advice for the future development of GPAS based on the development trend of the port industry. Professor Michael advised to fully consider the balance between ports’ economic development strategies and sustainable development strategies, and that ports should grow toward sustainable ones. Besides, ports should build cooperation platforms at a global scale to exchange green port evaluation indexes and development experience. Professor Michael also recommended sustainable development reports of ports in Europe and websites on sustainable development of ports in the world.
7. Green Marine: 10 Years of Implementing an Environmental Certification Program
David Bolduc, executive director of Green Marine, introduced that Green Marine is a voluntary certification program in the United States and Canada that involves self-assessment, summary report and certification documents. The program aims to ease the shipping industry’s environmental impact and improve social recognition of the shipping industry. Green Marine was officially launched in 2007. At present, 115 ports, terminals, ship owners and shipyards in the United States and Canada have passed the certification. Green Marine members include 30 ship owners, 45 terminals and 41 ports. Green Marine, like the GPAS, is not only an evaluation program, but also a cooperative one. Green Marine and GPAS will reach out to each other for future cooperation.
8. Reducing Air Emissions from Ships: Policy Development and Research Opportunities
Dr. Yang Dong, Assistant Professor at Hong Kong Polytechnic University, shared four research projects for reducing emissions of ships in Emission Control Areas (ECAs). The first project is on how to change the ship navigation path and speed in ECAs to reduce low-sulfur oil consumption and cut down fuel cost. The second project is about how government authorities can formulate emission control policies to lower down sulfur emissions without increasing carbon emissions given the rising carbon dioxide emissions of ships in ECAs. The third project analyzes the cost and benefit of imposing the restriction of fuel with 0.1% sulphur content in the Pearl River Delta ECA based on big data on ship navigation. The fourth project uses drones to detect ships’ smoke plume to screen out ships that may violate emission control regulations for further checks after berthing.
Session 2: Green Port Initiatives and Policy
9. Introduction of Shanghai Green Port Action Plan
Mr. Zhang Yingjie, Head of the Science and Technical Information Office of the Shanghai Municipal Transportation Commission, introduced the Shanghai Green Port Action Plan, including the promotion of shore power for port area governance, and the establishment of ECAs for ship governance. He also highlighted the environmental protection effects from shore power promotion and ECA establishment, as well as the positive roles of the two measures for improving the air quality in Shanghai.
10. Maritime & Port Authority of Singapore Green Initiatives
Mr. Tan Suan Jow, Director of Sustainable Office in MPA and Dean of MPA Academy, introduced the green initiatives put forward by the MPA in promoting port development in three aspects: first, incentives at the corporate level, including the MPA’s MSGI, the Green Ship Programme, the Green Port Programme and the Green Technology Programme. Second, policies and measures at the state level, which mainly involves MPA's commitment to the use of solar energy and the construction of new-generation ports. Third, MPA’s efforts at the international scale, with highlights given to MPA's activities in international mechanisms such as IMO, PAR and APSN. Specifically, the world’s largest solar project and coral protection program, both based on ports, impressed the attendees a lot.
11. PAT's Green Initiatives
Ms. Ruttikarn Chamsub, scientist of Corporate Strategy Department under Port Authority of Thailand, introduced the green initiatives of the PAT. First, the PAT’s strategic plan for green port development, primarily including its environmental protection policies, the development of its environmental protection strategy plan for 2015-2019 as well as the estimated emission baseline and the greenhouse gas emission list and forecast. Second, policies and measures for promoting green port development, including promoting renewable energy in port areas, continuing energy conservation and emission reduction, launching environmental quality measurement, holding emergency drills and improving environmental awareness. Third, PAT’s programs related to green port development.
12. Korea's Green Port Policy
Ms. Kim Bo Kyung, researcher fellow of the Port and Logistics Research Department of Korea Maritime Institute, shared the green port policies in Korea. First, she expounded the necessity of developing green ports in Korea given the much severer air pollution in Korean port cities than in its inland cities, Busan Port being the most polluted port, and the global trend of green port development. Second, she explained Korean green port policies, mentioning that a top task of the Korean government is to reduce particulate matter, and green port is an important strategy for improving port’s competitiveness. Third, she briefed some research subjects in green development, including a feasibility study for designated ECAs, ship speed reduction programs, use of renewable energy sources, installation of AMP, refueling of liquefied natural gas, establishment of pollutant emission detection systems, and upgrading of equipment.
Session 3a: Best Practices of Green Port
13. The Regulations of Vietnam's Government to Control the Port Impact on the Environment and Some Experiences of SNP in Reducing the Emission at Port
Mrs. Pham Thi Thuy Van, Vice Marketing Director of Saigon Newport in Viet Nam, first analyzed the environmental impact of Vietnam’s shipping industry, and then described the Vietnamese government’s regulations on the environmental impact of operations in port areas. Finally, she introduced that the Vietnamese government upgraded the energy system in the port area to achieve sustainable development of Saigon Newport as a green port, actively carried out port area greening to reduce dust, and applied green technologies such as noise control and waste management to ensure green and sustainable development of the port area. With the increasing importance that Vietnam’s port and shipping authority attaches to green development of ports, the Vietnamese government is also tightening its environmental protection rules for port and shipping activities.
14. Practices of Green Port in China
Prof. Peng Chuansheng of China Waterborne Transport Research Institute, first analyzed the emission pollution list and compared the air quality (by PM2.5) of major port cities in the world with primary pollutants at Shanghai and Shenzhen ports as examples, concluding that major ports in China are facing huge environmental pressure. Following that, Prof. Peng introduced nine widely-used green port technologies in China’s ports, namely the “Oil-to-Electricity” program for gantry cranes, shore power at berths, ECAs for ships, electric container automation terminals, recovery and treatment of port oil and gas, prevention of dust pollution at dry bulk terminals and yards, LNG-powered towboats and equipment, water supply or air source heat pump technologies and port sewage treatment technologies. He also described ship and port pollution prevention and control action plans as well as the technical standards and implementation of shore power technologies in China.
15. Green Ports in Antwerp
According to Mr. Liu Guojin, East Asia Business Manager of the Antwerp Port Authority in Belgium, the Antwerp Port, as a seaport located along an inland river, has unique advantages in terms of experience and technology in developing green ports. Environmental protection has been covered in the sustainable development strategy of the Antwerp Port Authority. In the current green port technology field, the Antwerp Port boasts rich experience and mature technologies in pollutant discharge, collection of ships’ waste and cargo residues, oil spill response, ballast water, degassing, and pollution prevention.
16. The New Mode of Electricity Helps the Construction of Green Ports
Mr. Fu Jinjian Assistant to General Manager of Guangzhou Zhiguang Electric Ltd shared the company's experience in promoting variable frequency shore power and its core technologies in energy storage to offer some reference for green port building. As of now, the company's variable frequency shore power system has been applied to the container terminals, homeports of cruise ships, ore terminals, breakbulk cargo terminals and ro-ro passenger ship terminals at many domestic ports, accumulating rich experience in shore power application. Zhiguang’s high-voltage energy storage technology can be widely used to recover the "garbage energy" at ports and load shifting of power grids to save energy and contain electricity charges at ports.
17. Hong Kong Kai Tak Cruise Terminal Green Practices
Mr. Jeff Bent, managing director of Hong Kong Worldwide Cruise Terminal, introduced the green practices of the terminal. According to Mr. Bent, the terminal has always been actively engaged in green development of the terminal. It has won multiple international and local environmental awards, actively participated in the promotion of various greening campaigns, put forward greening initiatives and publicized green ideas through seminars or other forms. In addition, the terminal has also made positive and beneficial attempts in clean energy, energy conservation and environmental protection, and green management, fruiting plentiful results.
Session 3b: Best Practices of Green Port
18. The Current Situation and Planning of Green Port Construction in Coal Terminal of Qinghuangdao Port
Mr. Xu Chunyang, deputy manager of Qinhuangdao Port Co., Ltd. Sixth Port Branch in China, introduced the green port construction status following a philosophy of “building a green hub to share the blue sea and sky”, focusing on the port’s advanced experience in four perspectives, namely pollution source control, dust treatment, sewage treatment, and information system construction. The port also set clear tasks in three aspects for the upcoming period: improving the dust monitoring system, studying an intelligent water sprinkler system for yards, and applying new equipment for dust reduction in winter.
19. Environmental Sustainability at Jurong Port
Mr. Parikshit Kulkarni, senior manager of the Technical Service, Infrastructure Maintenance and Project Department of Jurong Port in Singapore, introduced the sustainable development path of the port. From 2010 to 2017, Jurong Port fruited remarkable results in green and sustainable development and won a number of awards, including the accolades as the world’s No 1 green berth and a green port of APSN 2016. In the future, Jurong Port will continue its investment in infrastructure and equipment and improve its energy monitoring system to ensure green and sustainable development of the port.
20. Great Power by Green Technology, Great Future by Saving Energy–The Creation Road of Green Port
Mr. Hong Hui, Manager of Engineering Technology Department, Ningbo Zhoushan Port Co., Ltd. Beilun Second Container Terminal Branch in China introduced the development path of building “green port” of the branch company from perspectives of the green port development concept, technical innovation, management system and construction achievements. He laid stress on the “Oil-to-Electricity” program for gantry cranes, battery system of gantry cranes and “One Tractor with Two Trailers” technologies.
21. Port Klang Green Port Initiatives & Way Forward
Capt. Kamal Ariffin Bin Idris is Assistant General Manager of Operation and Regulatory of Port Klang in Malaysia. Port Klang is Malaysia’s maritime gateway and the largest port in the country. Situated between Penang and Singapore, Port Klang has three port terminals: North Port, West Port and South Port. The port’s green initiatives include using sustainable and environmentally friendly approaches for port operations, monitoring the operations’ impacts to air, water and soil quality and biodiversity, and monitoring the negative impacts of reduced low-carbon port operations to the environment. In the future, Port Klang will continue to purchase new terminal cranes equipped with AC converter units, use LED lighting systems, and transform its South Port into an ecological logistics port area to continue its sustainable development endeavor.