apsn APSN中文 港口发展,合作共赢


Viet Nam

发布日期 2015-07-16


Vietnam is a development success story. Political and economic reforms  (Doi Moi) launched in 1986 have transformed Vietnam from one of the  poorest countries in the world, with per capita income below US$100, to a  lower middle income country within a quarter of a century with per  capita income of US$1,130 by the end of 2010. The ratio of population in  poverty has fallen from 58 percent in 1993 to 14.5 percent in 2008, and  most indicators of welfare have improved. Vietnam has already attained  five of its ten original Millennium Development Goal targets and is well  on the way to attaining two more by 2015.

Vietnam has been applauded for the equity of its development, which has  been better than most other countries in similar situations. The  country is playing a more visible role on the regional and global stage,  having successfully chaired the 2009 Annual Meetings of the Boards of  Governors of the World Bank Group and the IMF, and carried out the  Chairmanship of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) in  2010.

The Eleventh Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam in January 2011  called for a more comprehensive approach to the country's renovation,  decided to promote greater citizens' participation and unity within  Vietnam, and to engage proactively in international integration. The  Congress re-affirmed Vietnam's approach to state-led development, but  also revised key policy documents to place greater emphasis on market  processes and non-state ownership of economic assets.

The Socio-Economic Development Strategy (SEDS) 2011-2020 gives  attention to structural reforms, environmental sustainability, social  equity, and emerging issues of macroeconomic stability. It defines three  "breakthrough areas": (i) promoting human resources/skills development  (particularly skills for modern industry and innovation), (ii) improving  market institutions, and (iii) infrastructure development. The overall  goal is for Vietnam to lay the foundations for a modern, industrialized  society by 2020.

Over the last quarter of a century, Vietnam's politics and society have  gradually evolved towards greater openness and space for civil  participation. The ability of the National Assembly to perform the role  of a check and balance on the executive has strengthened. Despite this  progress, greater openness and opportunity for citizens to participate  in governance is needed to support Vietnam's long term vision of  becoming a modern industrialized society.

More recently, the conclusions of the October 2011 Communist Party  Plenum recognized the need for economic restructuring and identified  restructuring of public investment, of SOEs and the financial sector, as  priorities for the next five years.








GDP growth






Source: World Bank